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SPACE & SCIENCE NEWS: November 2009
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Large Hadron Collider sets world energy record Nov 30, 2009
Early Snowball Earth may have melted to a mudball Nov 29, 2009
Herschel telescope 'fingerprints' colossal star Nov 28, 2009
Energetic gamma rays spotted from 'microquasar' Nov 27, 2009
Watching a cannibal galaxy dine Nov 26, 2009
Milky Way's building blocks still sparkle in the sky Nov 26, 2009
Numerous "tramp" stars adrift in intergalactic space could await discovery Nov 25, 2009
Birthplace of cosmic guitar pinpointed Nov 24, 2009
Spitzer Telescope observes baby brown dwarfs Nov 24, 2009
Cassini spacecraft sends pictures of Saturn's moon Nov 23, 2009
Icy moon's lakes brim with hearty soup for life Nov 23, 2009
Large Hadron Collider progress delights researchers Nov 23, 2009
Dark galaxy crashing into the Milky Way Nov 22, 2009
Large Hadron Collider restarts after 14 months Nov 21, 2009
Water found in lunar impact likely came from comets Nov 20, 2009
Ripples in space divide classical and quantum worlds Nov 19, 2009
How to explore Mars and have fun Nov 19, 2009
LHC nears restart after repairs Nov 18, 2009
ALMA antennas collect first data Nov 18, 2009
Keeping the young Earth cosy Nov 17, 2009
Mystery 'dark flow' extends towards edge of universe Nov 16, 2009
Blast off for Atlantis shuttle Nov 16, 2009
Lunar impact tosses up water and stranger stuff Nov 14, 2009
'Large amounts' of water on Moon Nov 13, 2009
Rosetta makes final home call Nov 13, 2009
Lithium clue for planet-hunters Nov 12, 2009
Propelled by light: the promise and perils of solar sailing Nov 12, 2009
Backward star ain't from around here Nov 11, 2009
Will probe's upcoming fly-by unlock exotic physics? Nov 11, 2009
Colliding white dwarfs may mimic type Ia supernovae Nov 10, 2009
Extraterrestrial rafting: Hunting off-world sea life Nov 9, 2009
NASA and ESA sign Mars agreement Nov 9, 2009
'Space elevator' wins $900,000 NASA prize Nov 9, 2009
Was life founded on cyanide from space crashes? Nov 7, 2009
Mars rover plans its escape Nov 6, 2009
Spitzer observes a chaotic planetary system Nov 5, 2009
MESSENGER spies iron on Mercury Nov 4, 2009
Dark-matter test faces obstacles Nov 4, 2009
Cassini makes deepest dive yet into Saturn moon's jets Nov 3, 2009
European water mission lifts off Nov 2, 2009
Rocket booster damaged on return Nov 1, 2009

Large Hadron Collider
Large Hadron Collider sets world energy record
(Nov 30, 2009)

The Large Hadron Collider experiment on the French-Swiss border has set a new world record for energy. The LHC pushed the energy of its particle beams beyond one trillion electron volts, making it the world's highest energy particle accelerator. The previous record was held by the Tevatron particle accelerator in Chicago.

Read more. Source: BBC

Snowball Earth
Early Snowball Earth may have melted to a mudball
(Nov 29, 2009)

The idea that Earth was entirely frozen over about 700 million years ago – the so-called Snowball Earth hypothesis – poses one small problem: how did our planet thaw out? The conundrum could be explained if the Earth was more mudball than snowball.

Read more. Source: New Scientist

VY Canis Majoris
Herschel telescope 'fingerprints' colossal star
(Nov 28, 2009)

The death throes of the biggest star known to science have been observed by Europe's new space telescope, Herschel. The observatory, launched in May, has subjected VY Canis Majoris, to a detailed spectroscopic analysis. It has allowed Herschel to identify the different types of molecules and atoms that swirl away from the star which is 30 to 40 times as massive as our Sun.

Read more. Source: BBC

Material stolen from a young star (blue) forms a disk (red) around a black hole or neutron star in this illustration of the system Cygnus X-3. Illustration: Walter Feimer/NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Energetic gamma rays spotted from 'microquasar'
(Nov 27, 2009)

After decades of searching, astronomers have confirmed that a gluttonous stellar remnant that glows brightly in X-rays can create high-energy gamma rays as well. The tiny powerhouse could serve as a nearby laboratory to study how particles are accelerated in the universe's biggest black holes. Cygnus X-3, a pair of objects that sit some 30,000 light years from Earth, has long been a puzzle.

Read more. Source: New Scientist

Central parts of Centaurus A reveal the parallelogram-shaped remains of a smaller galaxy swallowed about 200 to 700 million years ago. The image is based on data collected with the SOFI instrument on ESO’s New Technology Telescope
Watching a cannibal galaxy dine
(Nov 26, 2009)

A new technique using near-infrared images, obtained with ESO's 3.58-meter New Technology Telescope, allows astronomers to see through the dust lanes of the giant cannibal galaxy Centaurus A, unveiling its "last meal" in unprecedented detail – a smaller spiral galaxy, currently twisted and warped. This amazing image also shows thousands of star clusters churning inside Centaurus A.

Read more. Source: ESO

Globular clusters. Image: NASA/ESA/Hubble SM4 ERO Team
Milky Way's building blocks still sparkle in the sky
(Nov 26, 2009)

They are glittering baubles in the sky. More than 150 globular clusters are known. Most were thought to have a simple make-up, with all their stars formed of the same primordial mixture of hydrogen and helium gas. Now it seems that globular clusters of stars may be remnants of small galaxies that merged to form the Milky Way.

Read more. Source: New Scientist

Rich cluster of galaxies
Numerous "tramp" stars adrift in intergalactic space could await discovery
(Nov 25, 2009)

A new study investigating the disruptive effects of galaxies merging or tugging on each other shows that there should be numerous stars thrown from their habitual confines during such interactions and into intergalactic space. From a planet encircling one of those lonely stars, the heavens would make for pretty dull viewing.

Read more. Source: Scientific American

Guitar Nebula. Image credit: S. Chatterjee/J.M.Cordes/Palomar Observatory
Birthplace of cosmic guitar pinpointed
(Nov 24, 2009)

It's the biggest guitar in the galaxy. The Guitar pulsar is a stellar corpse that is tearing through interstellar gas and creating a guitar-shaped wake of hot hydrogen (pictured). Its birthplace may now have been found.

Read more. Source: New Scientist

SSTB213 J041757. Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Calar Alto Obsv./Caltech Sub. Obsv.
Spitzer Telescope observes baby brown dwarfs
(Nov 24, 2009)

NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope has contributed to the discovery of the youngest brown dwarfs ever observed – a finding that, if confirmed, may solve an astronomical mystery about how these cosmic misfits are formed. Spitzer's infrared camera penetrated the dusty dark cloud Barnard 213 to observe a pair of baby brown dwarfs named SSTB213 J041757 (A and B).

Read more. Source: NASA/JPL/Spitzer

Ridges and fractures on Enceladus
Cassini spacecraft sends pictures of Saturn's moon
(Nov 23, 2009)

NASA has released the latest raw images of Saturn's moon Enceladus, from the Cassini spacecraft's extended mission to the planet and its satellites. The images show the moon's rippling terrain in remarkable clarity. Cassini started transmitting uncalibrated temperature data and images during a flyby on 21 November.

Read more. Source: BBC

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