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The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology. Ray Kurzweil
Continuing the themes of The Age of Spiritual Machines (1999), Kurzweil further expounds his conviction that the human being will be succeeded by a superintelligent entity that is partly biological, partly computerized. Welcoming this prospect, and regarding it as inevitable, Kurzweil plunges into contemporary technological arenas, particularly genetics, nanotechnology, and robotics. Booklist

Radical Evolution : The Promise and Peril of Enhancing Our Minds, Our Bodies – and What It Means to Be Human. Joel Garreau
Washington Post reporter Garreau takes readers on a cross-country trip into the future as he interviews scientists and other thinkers grappling with the implications of our newfound – and, to some, frightening – knowledge of the genome. Highlighting what he calls "the Curve" – the rate of exponential change in technology – Garreau breaks the central part of his book into four scenarios.Amazon reader review

Citizen Cyborg: Why Democratic Societies Must Respond to the Redesigned Human of the Future. James Hughes
A challenging and provocative look at the intersection of human self-modification and political governance. Everyone wondering how society will be able to handle the coming possibilities of AI and Genomics should read Citizen Cyborg. Dr. Gregory Stock, author of Redesigning Humans

The Age of Spiritual Machines: When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence. Ray Kurzweil
Computers are becoming more powerful at an ever-increasing rate, but will they ever become conscious? Artificial intelligence guru Ray Kurzweil thinks so and explains how we will "download" our software (our minds) and "upgrade" our hardware (our bodies) to become immortal – before the dawn of the 22nd century. In this debate with his critics, including several Discovery Institute Fellows, Kurzweil defends his views and sets the stage for the central question: "What does it mean to be human?"