Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (BMDO)

The Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (BMDO) was an American Department of Defense agency, formerly known as the Strategic Defense Initiative Organization (SDIO) and created in 1983 under the Reagan administration to develop an antiballistic missile defense, a major part of which would involve "Star Wars" weaponry based both on the ground and in space. Originally intended to counter the threat of Soviet intercontinental ballistic missiles, the SDIO was renamed the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (BMDO) in 1993 under the Clinton administration. Its emphasis under the Bush (Jr.) presidency shifted to address similar threats from rogue nations with ballistic and tactical missile technology. Former SDI programs to develop Star Wars weapons, including ASAT (antisatellite) technology, continued and were emphasized by the Bush (Jr.) administration.