Beal Aerospace Technologies
Beal Aerospace Technologies was a Dallas-based company, formed in 1997 by industrialist Andrew Beal, to develop a completely private medium- to heavy-lift rocket to launch commercial satellites. It went out of business in October 2000 but not before it had tested its BA-810 engine – the second largest liquid-propellant rocket engine ever built in the United States, surpassed only by the F-1 used on the Saturn V. The BA-810 would have boosted the second stage of Beal's planned three-stage BA-2 launch vehicle, capable of placing satellites of up to 6,000 kilograms into GTO (geostationary transfer orbit). The BA-2 would have been 64.6 meters tall and 6.2 meters in diameter, and weighed about 970 tons at liftoff.
Andrew Beal claimed that private companies such as his could not compete with Lockheed Martin's Atlas V and Boeing's Delta 4 which received government-funding from programs such as the Air Force's Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) program and NASA's Space Launch Initiative (SLI).