Benz, Karl (1844–1929)
German pioneer of the internal combustion engine. After some
success with an earlier two-stroke engine, he built a four-stroke engine
in 1885 which was first applied to a tricycle. Benz achieved great success
when he installed the new engine in a four-wheel vehicle in 1893. Benz was
the first to make and sell light, self-propelled vehicles built to a standardized
pattern. Hundreds had been built by 1900.