Benzaldehyde, also called benzenecarbaldehyde, is a colorless liquid with
a smell of almonds. It is the simplest
an aromatic aldehyde. Benzaldehyde is found in bitter
almonds but synthesized from toluene, and
is used as a flavoring, in chemical synthesis, and in making perfumes and
certain aniline dyes. It is oxidized to benzoic
acid. Melting point -26°C (-14.8°F), boiling point 178.1°C
(352.6°F), relative density 1.04.