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benzoic acid (C6H5COOH)




Also called benezenecarboxylic acid, an aromatic carboxylic acid that takes the form of a white crystalline solid. Benzoic acid occurs naturally in many plants, and is made by oxidation of toluene. It is mainly used as a food preservative. Relative density 1.266 (at 15°C), melting point 122.4°C 252.3°F), boiling point 249°C (480.2°). Compounds containing the benzoyl group (C6H5CO-) were studied by Justus von Liebig and Friedrich Wöhler.


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   • ORGANIC CHEMISTRY