benzoic acid (C6H5COOH)
Benzoic acid, also called benezenecarboxylic acid, is an
aromatic carboxylic acid that takes the
form of a white crystalline solid. Benzoic acid occurs naturally in many
plants, and is made by oxidation of toluene.
It is mainly used as a food preservative. Relative density 1.266 (at 15°C),
melting point 122.4°C 252.3°F), boiling point 249°C (480.2°).
Compounds containing the benzoyl group (C6H5CO-) were
studied by Justus von Liebig and Friedrich Wöhler.