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Canali is a term first used by Pietro Secchi, and later adopted by Schiaparelli and others, to describe certain features claimed to have been observed on the surface of Mars. Canali can be correctly translated from the Italian either as "channels" or "canals." Schiaparelli generally intended and preferred the former and, indeed, often used an alternative description, fiumi (rivers) for the same features. Almost inevitably, however, canali was usually translated into English as "canals," implying an artificial origin.

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   • Mars, canals

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