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cochineal




A crimson red coloring agent and dye obtained from the pulverized, dried bodies of female scale insects of the species Dactylopius coccus (length: about 3 mm (0.1 in)). These soft-bodied cactus-eating insects are found in Mexico and other parts of Central America. Synthetic aniline dyes have largely replaced cochineal commercially.


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   • INDUSTRIAL CHEMISTRY