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EORSAT (ELINT Ocean Reconnaissance Satellite)




EORSAT
Ground-based image of an EORSAT spacecraft
A system of specialized Russian/Soviet ELINT (electronic intelligence) satellites that became operational in 1978 following an initial launch in 1974. It monitored and located enemy naval forces by detecting and triangulating on their radio and radar emissions. Each EORSAT consisted of a 3,1500-kg spacecraft with a 1.3-meter diameter, 17.0-meter-long cylindrical bus and two large solar arrays. A typical operational orbit was 404 km by 417 km at an inclination of 65°. About 45 EORSAT spacecraft had been launched, by Tsylon 2 rockets from Baikonur, by the end of 2001.


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   • SATELLITES AND SPACE PROBES