FLTSATCOM (Fleet Satellite Communications)
FLTSATCOM (Fleet Satellite Communications) is a constellation of American military satellites in geostationary
orbit which, together with Leasats, supported
worldwide, ultra-high-frequency (UHF) communications between naval aircraft,
ships, submarines, and ground stations, and between the Strategic Air Command
and the national command authority network. It became fully operational
in January 1981 and was gradually replaced during the 1990s by satellites
in the UFO (UHF Follow-On) series.
An outgrowth of the LES (Lincoln Experimental
Satellite) series and Tacsat 1, FLTSATCOM was developed by the Navy to be
the first complete operational system in space to serve the tactical user.
However, through special transponders carried aboard the satellites it also
supported AFSATCOM (Air Force Satellite
Communications System), which is a vital component of the American strategic
RECONNAISSANCE AND SURVEILLANCE
SATELLITES AND SPACE