A

David

Darling

Gulfstream (jet)

NASA STA Shuttle Training Aircraft

NASA Gulfstream Shuttle Training Aircraft.


To train Space Shuttle pilots in landing the vehicle, prior to making their first spaceflight, NASA used a modified Gulfstream 2 executive jet. The cockpit was divided into two – with Shuttle controls on the left, and normal Gulfstream controls on the right. The flight dynamics of the Shuttle were calculated before the Shuttle actually flew, and the Gulfstream 2 trainer modified accordingly. The calculations proved to be so accurate that very few changes were made after the Shuttle entered service.