INPE (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espacias)

INPE (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espacias) is Brazil's National Institute for Space Research, a government body that manages and coordinates the country's involvement in space-related activities. The Brazilian space program was founded by the Group of Organizations of the National Commission of Space Activities (GOCNAE), which was established on August 3, 1961. The Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE) succeeded GOCNAE in October 1990. In cooperation with the Agencia Espacial Brasileira (AEB), INPE develops satellites (such as the SCD) and indigenous launch vehicles (such as the VLS).