# Kirchhoff's laws

Kirchhoff's laws of electric circuits.

Kirchhoff's laws are two laws governing electric circuits involving Ohm's-law conductors and sources of electromotive force, stated by Gustav Kirchhoff. They assert that the sums of the outgoing and incoming currents at any junction in the circuit must be equal, and that the sum of the current-resistance products around any closed path must equal the total electromotive force in it.