The base unit of thermodynamic temperature
in the SI system of units. It is equal
to the fraction 1/273.16 of the thermodynamic temperature of the triple
point of water. One kelvin corresponds
to an interval of one degree on the Celsius
(centigrade) scale, so that the freezing and boiling points of water, at
standard pressure, are 273 K and 373 K, respectively. The temperature of
absolute zero is 0 K (-273.16°C).
The unit is named after the Scottish physicist Lord Kelvin (William Thomson).
|Comparison of the Fahrenheit,
Celsius, and Kelvin scales