Kerosene, also known as paraffin and paraffin oil, and sometimes spelled "kerosine,"
a light petroleum distillate, being a mixture of volatile hydrocarbons having 10 to 16 carbon atoms per molecule. Kerosene is used as a fuel for jet engines and rockets (especially
in a form known as RP-1), for space heating
and lighting, cooking stoves, and as a solvent and paint thinner. Although it can be derived from oil, coal, and tar, most
kerosene is produced from petroleum by
refining and cracking. Kerosene boils between
150°C and 300°C.
|A cracking chamber in which crude oil is separated
into various grades of fossil fuels, including kerosene