The temperature of a gas defined in terms of the average kinetic energy of its atoms or molecules. It is given by:
where T is the kinetic temperature, k is Boltzmann's constant, m is the particle mass, and v is the particle velocity. In thermal equilibrium, values of kinetic temperature correspond well with those of other measures of temperature, such as effective temperature; otherwise, they may bear little resemblance.
Related categories• HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS
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