Apollo tests using Little JoesA boiler-plate model of the Apollo spacecraft was placed atop the Little Joe to simulate a Saturn flight requiring an emergency separation of the spacecraft from the launch vehicle.
Tests were conducted to see if the system was capable of carrying the five-ton Apollo command module to safety during an emergency. The module was to then parachute back to earth.
A variety of Little Joe configurrations were used for the testing. As an example the third Little Joe was powered by two Algol motors and four smaller Recruit motors producing a total thrust of 340,000 pounds. Weight of the total package at liftoff was 94,000 pounds. The total height of the launch vehicle with payload was 95 feet.
Related categories ROCKETS, MISSILES, AND LAUNCH VEHICLES
HISTORY OF ROCKETRY
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