Long, Crawford Williamson (1815–1878)
Crawford Long was an American physician who first discovered the surgical use of diethyl ether as an anesthetic (1842). His discovery followed an observation that students under the influence of ether at a party felt no pain when bruising or otherwise injuring themselves. However, he did not publish or publicize his work until 1849, after William Morton and others had been credited with the discovery.
See also anesthesia.