Lanthanum (La) is a silver-white metallic element that is
the prototype and second most abundant member of the lanthanide series. First identified by C. G. Mosander in Stockholm in 1839, its name
comes from the Latin lanthana meaning "to lie hidden."
Its chief ores are monazite and bastnaesite.
Soft, malleable, and ductile, lanthanum
is used as a catalyst in cracking crude oil, in alloys, and to manufacture optical glasses. Its most common isotope is 139La (99.91%).
|relative atomic mass