How laparoscopy is done
A hollow needle is inserted into the abdomen just below the navel (under anesthesia) and carbon dioxide gas is pumped through the needle to expand the abdominal cavity. The laparoscope is then inserted through another incision to view the internal organs. The gas in the abdomen may cause discomfort for a day or two afterward.
Why it is done
Laparoscopy is usually performed to determine the cause of pelvic pain or gynecological symptoms (such as suspected ectopic pregnancy or pelvic inflammatory disease) that can't be confirmed by physical examination. It is frequently used to examine the condition of the Fallopian tubes in cases of infertility. Laparoscopy can also be used to examine the appendix, gall bladder, and liver. Female sterilization is usually performed using a laparoscope.