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Mars, unmanned spacecraft





spacecraft country launch date notes
Marsnik 1 Soviet Union Oct. 10, 1960 Attempted flyby; launch failure
Marsnik 2 Soviet Union Oct. 14, 1960 Attempted flyby; launch failure
Sputnik 22 Soviet Union Oct. 24, 1962 Attempted flyby
Mars 1 Soviet Union Nov. 1, 1962 Flyby; contact lost
Sputnik 24 Soviet Union Nov. 4, 1962 Attempted lander
Mariner 3 United States Nov. 5, 1964 Attempted flyby
Mariner 4 United States Nov. 28, 1964 Flyby
Zond 2 Soviet Union Nov. 30, 1964 Flyby; contact lost
Mariner 6 United States Feb. 24, 1969 Flyby
Mariner 7 United States Mar. 27, 1969 Flyby
Mars 1969A Soviet Union Mar. 27, 1969 Attempted orbiter; launch failure
Mars 1969B Soviet Union Apr. 2, 1969 Attempted orbiter; launch failure
Mariner 8 United States May. 8, 1971 Attempted flyby; launch failure
Cosmos 419 Soviet Union May 10, 1971 Attempted orbiter/lander
Mars 2 Soviet Union May 19, 1971 Orbiter/attempted lander
Mars 3 Soviet Union May 28, 1971 Orbiter/lander
Mariner 9 United States May 30, 1971 Orbiter
Mars 4 Soviet Union Jul. 21, 1973 Flyby/attempted orbiter
Mars 5 Soviet Union Jul. 25, 1973 Orbiter
Mars 6 Soviet Union Aug. 5, 1973 Lander; contact lost
Mars 7 Soviet Union Aug. 9, 1973 Flyby/attempted lander
Viking 1 United States Aug. 20, 1973 Orbiter and lander
Viking 2 United States Sep. 9, 1975 Orbiter and lander
Fobos 1 Soviet Union Jul. 7, 1988 Attempted orbit and Phobos landers
Fobos 2 Soviet Union Jul. 12, 1988 Orbiter/attempted Phobos landers
Mars Observer United States Sep. 25, 1992 Attempted orbiter; contact lost
Mars Global Surveyor United States Nov. 7, 1996 Orbiter
Mars 96 Russia Nov. 16, 1996 Attempted orbiter and landers
Mars Pathfinder United States Dec. 4, 1996 Lander and rover
Nozomi Japan Jul. 3, 1998 Attempted orbiter
Mars Climate Observer United States Dec. 11, 1998 Attempted orbiter
Mars Polar Lander United States Jan. 3, 1999 Attempted lander and penetrators
Mars Odyssey United States Apr. 7, 2001 Orbiter
Mars Express and Beagle 2 Europe/U.K. Jun. 2, 2003 Orbiter and attempted lander
Mars Exploration Rover, Spirit United States Jun. 10, 2003 Lander and rover
Mars Exploration Rover, Opportunity United States Jul. 7, 2003 Lander and rover
Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter United States Aug. 12, 2005 Orbiter
Mars Phoenix Lander United States Aug. 4, 2007 Lander
Mars Science Laboratory / Curiosity United States 2012 Lander and rover
InSight United States 2016 Lander
ExoMars Europe 2016 / 2018 Orbiter, lander and 2 rovers


Related categories

   • MARS TOPICS
   • SATELLITES AND SPACE PROBES