Nansen, Fridtjof (1861–1930)
Norwegian explorer, scientist, and humanitarian awarded the 1922 Nobel Peace
Prize, best known for his explorations of the Arctic. His most successful
attempt at reaching the North Pole was
in 1895, when he achieved latitude 86° 14', the farthest north then
reached. He also designed the Nansen bottle, a device for
obtaining water samples at depth.