A member of the most well known species of late archaic Homo
sapiens. Neanderthals lived mostly in Europe and the Near East from
150,000 years ago or even earlier until at sometime after 28,000 years ago.
There is an on-going debate as to whether they should be considered Homo
sapiens or a distinct but related species. If they were members of our
species, they were a different variety or race (Homo sapiens neanderthalensis).
On the other hand, if they were different enough to be a distinct species,
they should be considered to be Homo neanderthalensis.