A school of philosophy based on a method of approach due to Edmund Husserl (1859–1938). Unlike the naturalist, who describes objects without reference to the subjectivity of the observer, the phenomenologist attempts to describe the "invariant essences" of objects as objects "intended" by consciousness. As a first step toward achieving this, he or she performs the "phenomenological reduction", which involves as far as possible a suspension of all preconceptions about experience.
Related category• PHILOSOPHY
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