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VENUS PROBES





See Venera 1-16, Zond 1, Mariner 1, 2, 5, and 10, Pioneer Venus 1 and 2, Magellan, and Venus Express.


Chronology of Venus exploration
mission launch date notes
Sputnik 7 Feb. 4, 1961 Attempted impact
Venera 1 (Sputnik 8) Feb 12, 1961 Flyby; contact lost
Mariner 1 Jul. 22, 1962 Attempted flyby; launch failure
Sputnik 19 Aug. 25, 1962 Attempted flyby
Mariner 2 Aug. 27, 1962 Flyby
Sputnik 20 Sep. 1, 1962 Attempted flyby
Sputnik 21 Sep. 12, 1962 Attempted flyby
Cosmos 21 Nov. 11, 1963 Possible attempted Venera test flight
Venera 1964A Feb. 19, 1964 Attempted flyby; launch failure
Venera 1964B Mar. 1, 1964 Attempted flyby; launch failure
Cosmos 27 Mar. 27, 1964 Attempted flyby
Zond 1 Apr. 2, 1964 Flyby; contact lost
Venera 2 Nov. 12, 1965 Flyby; contact lost
Venera 3 Nov. 16, 1965 Lander; contact lost
Cosmos 96 Nov. 23, 1965 Possible attempted lander
Venus 1965A Nov. 23, 1965 Attempted flyby; launch failure
Venera 4 Jun. 12, 1967 Descent probe
Mariner 5 Jun. 14, 1967 Flyby
Cosmos 167 Jun. 17, 1967 Attempted descent probe
Venera 5 Jan. 5, 1969 Descent probe
Venera 6 Jan. 10, 1969 Descent probe
Venera 7 Aug. 17, 1970 Lander
Cosmos 359 Aug. 22, 1970 Attempted probe
Venera 8 Mar. 27, 1972 Lander
Cosmos 482 Mar. 31, 1972 Attempted probe
Mariner 10 Nov. 3, 1973 Venus/Mercury flybys
Venera 9 Jun. 8, 1975 Orbiter and lander
Venera 10 Jun. 14, 1975 Orbiter and lander
Pioneer Venus 1 May 20, 1978 Orbiter
Pioneer Venus 2 Aug. 8, 1978 Multiprobes
Venera 11 Sep. 9, 1978 Orbiter and lander
Venera 12 Sep. 14, 1978 Orbiter and lander
Venera 13 Oct. 30, 1981 Orbiter and lander
Venera 14 Nov. 4, 1981 Orbiter and lander
Venera 15 Jun. 2, 1983 Orbiter
Venera 16 Jun. 7, 1983 Orbiter
Vega 1 Dec. 15, 1984 Lander and balloon/comet Halley flyby
Vega 2 Dec. 21, 1984 Lander and balloon/comet Halley flyby
Magellan May 4, 1989 Orbiter
Galileo Oct. 18, 1989 Flyby; Jupiter orbiter and probe
Cassini Oct. 15, 1997 Flyby; Saturn orbiter


Related category

   • SATELLITES AND SPACE PROBES