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varnish





A solution of resin which dries to form a hard transparent film; widely applied to wood, metal, and masonry to improve surface properties without changing appearance. There are two main types: "spirit varnishes," consisting of natural or synthetic resins dissolved in a volatile solvent such as alcohol; and "oleoresinous varnishes" – more resistant to heat and weather – which are mixtures of resins and drying oils dissolved in turpentines or a petroleum oil. Lacquer, the original wood varnish, is the sap of the varnish tree.


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   • INDUSTRIAL CHEMISTRY