Dixie, also called Dixieland or New Orleans jazz, is a type of jazz originating in New Orleans in the late 1910s and early 1920s with strong 2/4 or 4/4 rhythms (see time signature) and several horns, each playing a common melody but with individual variations. Famous Dixie musicians include trumpeter Louis Armstrong and clarinetist Sidney Bechet.
Dixie or Dixie's Land, is a term which came, by popular error, to be identified with the South and Southern institutions during the US civil war. It is derived from a Northern Afro-American refrain, which was sung in New York about the beginning of the 19th century, and which expressed the supposed regrets of the slaves of a man called Dixie, who had shipped his slaves to the South as the abolition sentiment grew stronger. This chant later developed into the melody ("I Wish I Was in Dixie") that for a time became the rival of "Yankee Doodle".