Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA)

von Braun and Wilbur Brucker in the ABMA Fabrication Laboratory

Wernher von Braun (left) and U.S. Army Secretary Wilbur Brucker in the Army Ballistic Missile Agency Fabrication Laboratory in 1960.

The Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA) is an organization formed by the United States Army on February 1, 1956, at Redstone Arsenal, Huntsville, Alabama, taking over what was previously the Guided Missile Development Division, to develop the Redstone and Jupiter ballistic missiles. Its first commander was Major General John Mendaris. In July 1960 ABMA's buildings and staff, including Wernher von Braun, were transferred to NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center, which remains in the midst of the Redstone Arsenal.