A bypass diode is a type of diode that may be connected across one or more solar
cells, in a solar module, in such a way
that the diode will conduct if the cell(s) become reverse biased. Alternatively,
a diode connected anti-parallel across a part of the solar cells of a module.
It protects these solar cells from thermal destruction in case of total
or partial shading, broken cells, or cell string failures of individual
solar cells while other cells are exposed to full light.
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