non-catalytic wood stove
A non-catalytic wood stove is a wood-burning stove that, unlike
a catalytic wood stove,
doesn't use a catalyst, but has three internal characteristics that create
a good environment for complete combustion. These are firebox insulation,
a large baffle to produce a longer, hotter gas flow path, and pre-heated
combustion air introduced through small holes above the fuel in the firebox.
Like catalytic wood stoves, modern non-catalytic stoves were first introduced
in the later 1980s to comply with a 1988 EPA regulation. This regulation
set mandatory smoke emission limits for wood stoves of 4.1 grams of smoke
per hour for catalytic stoves and 7.5 grams per hour for non-cats.
While non-cats can't match the even heat output of catalytic stoves, their
owners can enjoy watching the beautiful fire they create. The baffle and
some other internal parts of a non-catalytic stove will need replacement
from time to time as they deteriorate with the high heat of efficient combustion.