Pelton turbines are suited to high head, low flow applications. Typically, to work this type of turbine, water is piped down a hillside so that at the lower end of the pipe it emerges from a narrow nozzle as a jet with very high velocity. The Pelton turbine can be controlled by adjusting the flow of water to the buckets. In order to stop the wheel a valve is used to shut off the water completely. Small adjustments, necessitated by alterations in the load on the generator, are more safely made by a device which deflects part of the water jet away from the buckets.
Pelton wheels are are used in storage power stations with downward gradients up to 2,000 meters and can contain up to 6 nozzles. Compare with the Francis turbine and the Kaplan turbine.
Related categories• TURBINES
• WATER POWER
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