Encyclopedia of History
Home > Encyclopedia of History

Basque



The language of more than one million inhabitants of the northeastern corner of Spain and the southwestern corner of France. Basque seems to have no common origins with any other, although it is thought by some to have developed from the Aquitanian dialect of the ancient pre-Roman language, Iberian. It has many stops, palatals, and spirants. Many words are formed by the addition of prefixes and suffixes. The verbs do not have an active voice.