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Gaea



In Greek mythology, the goddess of the Earth. Gaea, or Ge, appears in Hesiod as the first-born of Chaos, and the mother of Uranus and Pontus. She also bore the Titans, Cyclops, Erinyes, Giants, etc. As the vapors which were supposed to produce divine inspiration rose from the earth, Gaea came to be regarded as an oracular divinity; the oracles at Delphi and Olympia were believed to have once belonged to her. Her worship extended all over Greece, black female lambs being offered on her altars. She was also the goddess of marriage, and again of death and the lower world. At Rome Gaea was worshipped under the name Tellus.