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Hammurabi



King of Babylonia about 2240 years BC, expelled the invading Elamites and extended his power so that his realm stretched from the Mediterranean to Susa and from Kurdastan to the Persian Gulf. He built palaces and temples, made great canals and granaries (against famine), but is most famous as a legislator. At the end of the 19th century De Morgan found at Susa a great stele, which when interpreted was found to contain an amazingly well-developed code of laws, in 280 edicts; and these laws seem to have influenced all the legislative systems of the East, including that of the Israelites.