Octavia was the sister of the Roman emperor Augustus and wife of Mark Anthony. On the death of her first husband, Marcellus, she consented in 40 BC to marry Anthony, to secure the reconciliation between him and her brother; but in a few years Anthony abandoned her for Cleopatra. In 32 BC war, long inevitable, broke out between Anthony and Octavion. The former crowned his insults by sending Octavia a bill of divorcement. However, this did not deter her, after her husband's death, from raising not only her own children by Anthony, but also those of Cleopatra. She died in 11 BC.