Santorini and Therasia have lofty and precipitous shores (up to 1,000 feet) next to the crater; on their outer sides they slope away gradually to the sea, except that in the south-east of the former Mount St Elias rises to 1,887 feet. The chief town, Fira (an alternative pronunciation of "Thera"), on the west coast of Santorini, is built on the cliffs of tufa and perched some 900 feet above the water's edge. Excellent wine is grown in the disintegrated volcanic soil. Eruptions have taken place, chiefly near the Kaumenes, in the years 196 BC, 726 AD, 1573, 1650, 1707, and 1866.
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