horizontal ground loop
A horizontal ground loop is a type of closed-loop geothermal heat pump system in which the fluid-filled plastic heat exchanger pipes are laid out in a plane parallel to the ground surface. This type of installation is generally most cost-effective for residential installations, particularly for new construction where sufficient land is available. It requires trenches at least four feet deep. The most common layouts either use two pipes, one buried at six feet, and the other at four feet, or two pipes placed side-by-side at five feet in the ground in a two-foot wide trench. The Slinky method of looping pipe allows more pipe in a shorter trench, which cuts down on installation costs and makes horizontal installation possible in areas it would not be with conventional horizontal applications.