landscaping and regional climate

landscape and climate

The energy-conserving landscape strategies you use should depend on which region you live in.


Temperate region


  • Maximize warming effects of the sun in the winter.
  • Maximize shade during the summer.
  • Deflect winter winds away from buildings.
  • Funnel summer breezes toward the home.

    Hot-arid region


  • Provide shade to cool roofs, walls, and windows.
  • Allow summer winds to access naturally cooled homes.
  • Block or deflect winds away from air-conditioned homes.

    Hot-humid region


  • Channel summer breezes toward the home.
  • Maximize summer shade with trees that still allow penetration of low-angle winter sun.
  • Avoid locating planting beds close to the home if they require frequent watering.

    Cool region


  • Use dense windbreaks to protect the home from cold winter winds.
  • Allow the winter sun to reach south-facing windows.
  • shade south and west windows and walls from the direct summer sun, if summer overheating is a problem.

    It's also important to consider your home's microclimate in your landscaping strategy.