All species of wood have a similar heat (BTU) content on a per pound basis when completely dry. Therefore, denser woods will generally cost more and burn longer. Woods like oak, hickory, and pine will burn overnight. Aspen builds a hot fire, which helps clean the chimney. See wood heat value (BTU).
When selecting wood, you might also want to find out whether the supplier uses sustainable harvesting practices. Unsustainable practices can negatively impact the environment, causing soil erosion and loss of biodiversity. At least ascertain that the wood was not the result of clear-cutting. Clear-cutting is when all, or nearly all, of the trees are cut down on a piece of land.
Wood only dries from the surface inward, so un-split pieces dry very slowly. To properly season wood, split the logs as soon as possible and stack them in a dry spot for 6–18 months. Pile the wood loosely, allowing air to circulate through the split logs. Hardwoods take longer to dry than softwoods. Humidity and temperature levels also impact drying time.
Related categories• WOOD HEATING
• FIRES AND FIREPLACES
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