James, William (1842–1910)

William James

William James was an American philosopher and psychologist, the originator of the doctrine of pragmatism. Intermittently dogged by ill-health, his first major contribution was The Principles of Psychology (1890). Turning his attention to questions of religion, he published in 1902 his Gifford Lectures, The Varieties of Religious Experience, which has remained his best-known book.