scale degree names

The ascending scale of C major and scale degree names.

A particular note in a scale is called a scale degree or scale step. The degrees of the major and minor scales can be identified in several different ways, as shown in the table.


scale degree Arabic Roman technical
1 first I tonic
2 second II supertonic
3 third III mediant
4 fourth IV subdominant
5 fifth V dominant
6 sixth VI submediant
7 seventh VII leading note