Aiken, Howard (1900–1973)
American mathematician who did pioneering work in the development
of computers. When Aiken was working for
IBM in 1939 he designed an electromechanical automatic calculating machine.
By 1944 he and his associates had built the Mark 1 Automatic Sequence Controlled
Calculator, one of the first programmable computers. The input medium was
punched cards or punched paper tape.
AI, AND CYBERNETICS