Behring, Emil Adolph von (1854–1917)
German bacteriologist and pioneer immunologist. In 1901 he
was awarded the first Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work
on serum therapy, especially for devloping immunization against diptheria
(1890) and tetanus (1892) by injection of
antitoxins, a word he introduced. Behring's
discoveries led to the treatment of many childhood diseases.