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Blue Scout Junior

Blue Scout Junior. Image USAF
Blue Scout Junior was a smaller, US Air Force version of the Scout launch vehicle, which was used in the 1960s for suborbital military tests. The XRM-91 Blue Scout Junior (sometimes called Journeyman B) didn't look like the other Scout variants externally, because the usual first Scout stage (an Aerojet General Algol) wasn't used. Instead, the four-stage Blue Scout Junior used Scout's second and third stages (Castor and Antares) as the first two stages, and added an Aerojet General Alcor and a spherical NOTS Cetus in a common nose fairing.

The first launch of an XRM-91 took place on September 21, 1960, making it the first Blue Scout configuration to fly. The mission was supposed to involve radiation and magnetic field measurements at distances of up to 26,700 km (16,600 miles) from Earth, and while the rocket achieved this altitude, the telemetry system failed so that no data were received. The second launch in November ended with a failure during second stage burn. The third flight was to measure particle densities in the Van Allen belts and reached a distance of 225,000 km (140,000 miles), but again a telemetry failure prevented the reception of scientific data. The fourth and final XRM-91 mission, in December 1961, also carried particle detectors and was the only completely successful flight of the initial Blue Scout Junior program. The Blue Scout Junior would have been easily powerful enough to put a small satellite in low Earth orbit but was never used to do so.

length 12.34 m (40 ft. 5.8 in)
finspan 1st stage: 2.62 m (8 ft. 7 in)
2nd stage: 1.64 m (5 ft. 4.6 in)
diameter 0.79 m (31 in)
weight 6,300 kg (14,000 lb.)
speed 6 km/s (20,000 ft./s)
altitude 225,000 km (140,000 miles)
range global (low earth orbit attainable)
propulsion 1st stage: Thiokol XM33 Castor solid-fuel rocket; 259 kN (58,300 lb.) for 37s
2nd stage: Alleghany Ballistics Lab (Hercules) X-254 Antares solid-fuel rocket; 60.5 kN (13,600 lb.) for 39s
3rd stage: Aerojet AJ10-41 (30KS8000) Alcor solid-fuel rocket; 36 kN (8,000 lb.) for 30s
4th stage: NOTS 100A Cetus solid-fuel rocket; 4.0 kN (900 lb.) for 20s

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