Bosch, Karl (1874–1940)
German industrial chemist who adapted the Haber
process for ammonia manufacture for
large-scale industrial use. Bosch's work involved finding metallic catalysts
that could promote this high-pressure synthesis. His invention of the Bosch
process (in which water gas and steam at high temperatures are
passed over a catalyst) aided the large-scale prepared of hydrogen.
He shared the 1931 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, with Friedrich Bergius, for
his work on high-pressure synthesis.