A

David

Darling

bandwidth

1. Bandwidth may refer to the range of frequencies that an electronic signal occupies on a given transmission medium. Any digital or analog signal has a bandwidth. In digital systems, bandwidth is often expressed as data speed in bits per second. In analog systems, bandwidth is expressed in terms of the difference between the highest-frequency signal component and the lowest-frequency signal component. For example, a typical voice signal on an analog telephone line has a bandwidth of about 3 kHz. An analog television (TV) broadcast video signal has a bandwidth of 6 MHz, some 2,000 times as wide as the telephone signal. As a general rule, systems with more bandwidth can carry more information.

2. Bandwidth may also be the range of wavelengths or frequencies to which an antenna is sensitive.

3. In communications and computing, bandwidth is the rate at which data is transferred, usually measured in bits (or megabits or gigabits) per second.