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Carrel, Alexis (1873–1944)




Alexis Carrel
French-born US surgeon and biologist. Carrel was a member (1912–39) of the Rockefeller Institute, New York City. He was awarded the 1912 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine his development of anastomosis, a surgical technique for suturing (sewing together) blood vessels, thus paving the way for organ transplants and blood transfusions. Carrel and Charles Lindbergh invented an artificial heart.


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   • PHYSICIANS, SURGEONS, AND ANATOMISTS