Abdominal pain and diarrhea, which rapidly becomes severe and watery, are main features, with rapidly developing dehydration and shock. The severe dehydration reduces the blood volume sharply, leading to deep shock and unconsciousness. Without rapid and adequate fluid replacement, death ensues quickly; antibiotics may shorten the diarrhea phase. Cholera is a disease due to a specific toxin; a similar but milder disease occurs due to the El Tor Vibrio.
Vaccination gives limited protection for six months.
Related category HEALTH AND DISEASE
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