Glushko, Valentin Petrovitch (1908–1989)
Soviet rocket scientist, a pioneer in rocket propulsion systems, and a major
contributor to Soviet space and defense technology. He was born in Odessa,
Ukraine. After graduating from Leningrad State University (1929), Glushko
headed the design bureau of the Gas Dynamics Laboratory in Leningrad and
began research on electrothermal, solid-fuel, and liquid-fuel rocket engines.
In 1935, he published "Rockets, Their Construction and Utilization." From
1932 to 1966, Glushko worked closely with renowned rocket designer Sergei
Korolev, the two achieving their greatest
triumphs in 1957 with the launching of the first intercontinental ballistic
missile in August and the first successful artificial satellite, Sputnik
1, in October. In 1974 Glushko was named chief designer of the Soviet space
program, in which he oversaw the development of the Mir
space station. He received numerous official honors, including the Lenin
Prize (1957) and election to the Soviet Academy of Sciences (1958).
ENGINEERS AND SPACE SCIENTISTS